Credit Scores and Mortgage Loans
Article by Pink Realty
In today’s economy, it’s becoming more and more difficult to get your billed paid on time. After a few late payments, you may wonder what the impact is on your credit report and your credit score. Whether you have lost a chiselled, gone through dissociated, lost a spouse, or dealt with a grievous medical issue, you know that any hardship tin wreak havoc on your financial responsibilities. You are not alone, and we at Pink Realty help people who have dealt with these all the time. More than 43 million people in the United States have credit issues that are severe enough to doing obtaining credit with reasonable terms selfsame difficult. If you want to repair your credit and improve your score so that you tin buy a home, there are some things that you should understand.
If you are looking to buy a car, auto credit scores range between 250 – 900. If you are looking to purchase household furniture or other goods, a consumer credit score is between 300 – 900.
The economy, with its high unemployment rates and increased cost of living has made it virtually impossible for the average person to maintain perfect credit. The sum of this equation has about 40% of the people who are trying to qualify for a new home loan are being denied for a mortgage.
These days in Colorado Springs, the agents at Pink Realty see that about 2/3 of the real estate listings are either short sales or REOs and 40% of the people trying to buy a home, can’t qualify. Are you one of the 40% that wants to buy a house but you can’t because your credit score isn’t high enough? What can you do about it? We’re going to take a look at what the credit score requirements are for the different types of home loans and then we’re going to address some important credit report facts so you can create your own credit report action items that will help you succeed in getting that mortgage for your dream home.
We’re going to take a look at what components makes up your score and give you some tips on how you can raise your score in the fastest amount of time.
Below is a chart that defines the 5 components that comprise your FICO scores (credit score). 35% of your total score is determined by past delinquencies, 30% by your revolving credit-to-debt ratio, 15% on the average credit age, 10% based on credit mix, and 10% on credit inquiries. Past delinquencies weigh the most heavily on your total score, which probably makes you think you should pay off all past delinquent accounts. This is not necessarily so. Depending on the age of older past due delinquent accounts, it isn’t always best to pay them off. Bad debts can only stay on your credit report a maximum of 7 years from the date of last activity. If you pay them off, the account will show paid, but the derogatory status remains and the account will now stay on your report for a maximum of 7 years from the date you paid it off. Therefore, check the dates on older past due accounts, charge-offs or collections. If the accounts are from several years ago, they will fall off your report on their own soon enough. Remember, the maximum amount of time information can remain on your report is 7 years. It doesn’t mean they will stay on there for 7 years. If you have extra money and you want to use it to better your credit score, you can pay off some recent charge-offs or collection accounts. While the derogatory status will stay, the account will show paid. Once older past due accounts drop off your report, your score will automatically improve.
The next big bang on your credit report is your revolving credit debt ratio. There are a lot of myths about credit cards and how they impact your credit score. Some people think you should only have a couple of credit cards, others think you should combine all credit cards balances into one credit card balance. Some people don’t think you should have high credit limits and some people think if you have a lot of credit cards, but don’t use them, you should cancel them. Finally, some people think if you pay off your credit card every month, you won’t establish credit. All of these are myths. The longer you have had a revolving account in good standing, the better impact it makes on your score. Remember average age of a credit file is 15% of your credit score. Keep those old accounts open! If you have one or more credit cards with high credit limits and manage them wisely, high credit limits can actually be advantageous. If you have several different types of credit cards, including department stores, keep them open. Closing credit card accounts can actually lower your score. But be aware, lenders have started cancelling inactive accounts or lowering credit limits on inactive credit card accounts. 30% of your credit score is determined by your debt-to-credit ratio. The lower your ratio, the better! Therefore, if you have cards that have a high credit limit, but you use the cards conservatively and keep small balances, it improves your score. The rule of thumb is to keep credit card balances less than 30% of the credit limit. For example, if you have a credit card with a 00 credit limit, you want to keep the balance on that account less than . The more credit cards you have with a limit and the smaller the balance you keep on those cards, the lower your debt-to-credit ratio is. If you have ‘maxed’ out your credit cards and your debt-to-credit ratio is 95 – 10%, the best way to improve your credit score is to work hard to get the balances down below 30% of the limit.
The older your credit history is the better. The longer you keep and maintain accounts in good standing, the more positively it impacts your score. If you have a credit card account that has been opened for 10 years, don’t stop using the card or the issuer might decide to close the account or stop reporting to the credit bureau. While the information might still be available, it won’t add as much weight to your score. So keep older card accounts active even if it meaning charging a revenant monthly bill to the account and then paying it off each of month.
While the mix of credit you have on your file only makes up 10% of your total score, it is important for lenders to see how you handle different types of credit. If you are trying to build new credit, one of the best ways is to take out an installment loan. This might be for a car or household goods. Showing that you tin make veritable monthly payments over time is identical important.
Finally we get to inquiries, which also make up 10% of your score. There are two types of inquiries: Hard inquiries and soft inquiries. If you are requesting your ain annual credit report or applying for a job and your potential employer is pulling your report, these are soft inquiries and do not impact your score, however, hard inquiries do. If you are shopping for a new car and go to 3 or 4 different car dealerships and each one runs a report, it will impact your credit score. However, the credit bureau system detects the similarities in reported pulled and the 3 or 4 reports will count as only one inquiry. The same happens if you are shopping for a home loan. If 3 different mortgage lenders run your report, it will count as one inquiry. Where inquiries really begin to hurt your score is when you apply for various types of credit in a short period of time. If you are trying to apply for credit cards and buy a car and a house at the same time, the inquiries will not only lower your score, but raise a red flag for lenders!
In summary, we mentioned the following points that tin assist improve your credit score:
• If you have old past due accounts, leave them alone. Let them age and fall off your report on their own.
• If you do have past owed or neglectful accounts that are current, you can pay them away. The disparaging information remains, but the status changes to payed. While this does not impact your score, it is good.
• Pay down your credit cards. Lenders like to see a big gap between your balance and your credit limit. While it makes sense financially to pay down high interest cards first, if you are looking to raise your credit score, it is best to pay down the cards that are closest to their limit! Work to keep a low debt-to-credit ratio on all of your revolving credit card accounts. Keep long standing accounts active, keep high balance accounts open, but use your cards conservatively so your debt-to-credit ratio stays low. If you have high balances on your credit card accounts, you will be most rewarded by paying the balances down until they are less than 30% of the credit limit. This is where you will get the biggest bang for your buck.
There are a few other things you can do to improve your score.
• If you have accounts that are old and due to fall off your report soon, you can contact the credit bureau to dispute the account. If it is old and has a small balance, there is a good casual the collection agency won’t dispute the charge and it will be removed.
• Look for errors on your credit report. If you see accounts that are not yours, dispute them. 70% of the credit reports have errors on them. The chances of there being an error on your report are good. So review your report and if there are errors, dispute them to have them removed.
• Old, past due accounts don’t get discarded because you have new, current accounts. Sometimes time is required to increased your tally. Let old bad debts equitable fall forth when they’ve aged. To eaten with them will add 7 more years of derogatory information.
• There are a few other things you can do to increase the improvement. If you have accounts that are old and due to fall off your report soon, you can contact the credit bureau to dispute the account. If it is old and has a small balance, there is a good chance the collection agency won’t want to dispute the charge and it will be removed. Other things to consider:
Your credit score is based on the information in your credit report, so